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1930 Penny - King of Australian Coins

1930 Penny - King of Australian Coins

Even if no 1930 penny were ordered, at the end of 1929, the Mint made the dies for a 1930 penny and struck a few of them. The most famous of all the Australian Commonwealth circulating coins, the 1930 pre-decimal penny, was minted at around 3,000 examples for circulation and 6 in proof finish. Mostly because of the Great Depression which began in October 1929, there was no need for that coin. The 1929 and a small number of 1930 pennies were released into circulation at the same time in 1929.

By CAA | Monday, October 12, 2020

1920 Sydney Gold Sovereign - Rarest Sovereign of Australia

1920 Sydney Gold Sovereign - Rarest Sovereign of Australia

Because of the rising price of gold (127s 4d per ounce) after World War I, the Royal Mint suspended the production of the sovereign. The mint branch in Sydney, Australia already started to produce some of them. 360,000 is the official minting of the 1920 Sydney Gold Sovereign, but only four circulating examples are known, one of them is part of the Royal Australian Mint Collection in Canberra, and 1 specimen.

By CAA | Tuesday, October 6, 2020

Circulation vs Proof Australian coins

Circulation vs Proof Australian coins

Circulation coins are generally intended for circulation or in Royal Australian Mint regular sets. Planchets for the production of proof coins were polished before struck and the field of Proof coins wear a cameo aspect.

By CAA | Thursday, September 24, 2020

New Zealand 2 cents 1967 Mule with Bahamas Obverse

New Zealand 2 cents 1967 Mule with Bahamas Obverse

First New Zealand decimal mule was put in circulation in 1967 and was a two cent coin minted with the obverse of the Bahamian five cent coin. Its reverse featured two kowhai flowers, considered emblematic of New Zealand. The image was designed by Reginald George James Berry, who designed the reverses for all coins introduced that year.

By Lightw4re | Monday, August 3, 2020

New Zealand rarest and most valuable pre-decimal circulating coins

New Zealand rarest and most valuable pre-decimal circulating coins

Because we did the Top 10 most valuable and rare pre-decimal australian circulating coins, here's some of the most rarest and most valuable New Zealand pre-decimal circulating coins.

By CAA | Monday, July 13, 2020

Top 10 most known and desirable australian modern errors and varieties

Top 10 most known and desirable australian modern errors and varieties

Even if most decimal australian coins aren't worth much, some errors and varieties were discovered over time and are collected by many people, which makes these often rare. Here's the top 8 most known and desirable australian modern errors and varieties sorted by denomination and date.

By CAA | Friday, February 14, 2020

Top 10 most valuable and rare pre-decimal australian circulating coins

Top 10 most valuable and rare pre-decimal australian circulating coins

Gold and sovereign coins were intentionally excluded from this list since they will have their own top 10. Here's the top 10 most rare and valuable pre-decimal australian circulating coins sorted by denomination and date.

By CAA | Thursday, January 9, 2020

Heaton & Sons Mint, Birmingham, England

Heaton & Sons Mint, Birmingham, England

Heaton and Sons is one of the longest running and most prolific private mints in the world. The company began as a family business in Birmingham, then a booming metal working centre, pioneering the mass production techniques of the industrial revolution. In 1794 Ralph Heaton I established a brassfounding business in Slaney Street, Birmingham.

By Museums Victoria | Friday, November 15, 2019

Halfpenny 1916 Mule - Rarest and most valuable australian half-penny coin

Halfpenny 1916 Mule - Rarest and most valuable australian half-penny coin

Considered the rarest and most valuable australian halfpenny, approximatly 10 examples of the 1916 mule are known and all have been pulled from circulation in Australia. While the Calcutta Mint was striking the Indian quarter annas and the Australia half penny 1916 coins, intentionally or not, obverse dies from both coins were paired creating the mule. The finds occurring decades after the original issue are met with skepticism by dealers and collectors across Australia and often assign them as fake.

By CAA | Wednesday, November 6, 2019

The Great Aussie Coin Hunt - A to Z

The Great Aussie Coin Hunt - A to Z

In a joint effort, the Royal Australian Mint and Australia Post joined to release thousands of $1 coins marked to celebrate iconic things of Australia for each letter in the alphabet. Officially called The Great Aussie Coin Hunt, Nicole Sheffield, Australia Post Executive General Manager Community and Consumer, said a coin hunt is great way to reminisce about life in Australia.

By CAA | Tuesday, October 1, 2019

Decimal 1966 half dollar - The silver 50-cents coin

Decimal 1966 half dollar - The silver 50-cents coin

In 1966, around 36,000,000 fifty cent coins were produced at the Canberra Mint exclusively. The production of this round highest-denomination coin stopped when silver price on the market got up by around 80% in a few months. We know that the mint melted down a large amount of them early in 1966 and still recalled a lot of them each year since for melting/profit purposes.

By CAA | Monday, September 9, 2019

Wildlife designs on the decimal coinage

Wildlife designs on the decimal coinage

The idea of a decimal currency system really began in 1958. Prime Minister Robert Menzies was elected promising to investigate its possibilities. New designs were needed for the 1, 2, 5, 10 , 20 and 50 cents denomations. The Governement wanted unique australian themes as well as artistic reverse designs. With the help of a group of selected people, Stuart Devlin was chosen to produce designs based on australian wildlife with big numeral numbers representing the denomination.

By CAA | Thursday, September 5, 2019

The Sheldon scale

The Sheldon scale

The Sheldon scale was first presented in 1949 as a way to grade United States cents, but it was only chose by the American Numismatic Association in the 1970s for all US coins. Used by all third party grading companies, it is a numerical grading system (1 to 70) instead of a word grading system like the adjectival standard system used, for example, by the ANDA.

By CAA | Sunday, August 4, 2019

Defining moments: Decimal currency

Defining moments: Decimal currency

The decision to change from the Australian pound (with its awkward shillings and pence) to a decimal currency – the Australian dollar – had been a pragmatic, economic one. Yet decimalisation became an opportunity for Australia to assert itself as an increasingly self-assured and forward-thinking country.

By National Museum Australia | Sunday, November 4, 2018

Defining moments: Holey dollar

Defining moments: Holey dollar

The economy of the colony of New South Wales was plagued by a lack of currency during its early years. Governor Lachlan Macquarie attempted to remedy this by importing 40,000 silver Spanish eight-reale pieces.

By National Museum Australia | Sunday, November 4, 2018

Australian coin history - Timeline

Australian coin history - Timeline

Discover some of the most important events of the australian currency history.


By Royal Australian Mint | Thursday, June 1, 2017

Journey to an Australian Currency

Journey to an Australian Currency

Australia has a unique currency history. From the pre-settlement trading practices of our Indigenous population, to the currency chaos of early settlement where coins from all over the world were used to buy and sell goods, to the British Parliament's declaration that only British currency could be used here. It certainly has been an interesting journey.

By Royal Australian Mint | Saturday, February 25, 2017

The Minting Process

The Minting Process

Design, dies, blank production, coining circulating coins and collector coins, packaging and delivery. The Minting Process explained by the Royal Australian Mint.

By Royal Australian Mint | Monday, April 11, 2016

Investigating Australian Coins

Investigating Australian Coins

The Royal Australian Mint is responsible for producing Australia's circulating coins. It is astonishing to think that every single coin, in the pockets and purses of millions of Australians, was made in a quiet Canberra suburb.

By Royal Australian Mint | Tuesday, March 1, 2016

The history of coins in New Zealand

The history of coins in New Zealand

In early 1840, Captain William Hobson, RN, the first Governor of New Zealand, extended British laws to New Zealand. This meant that certain sections of the Imperial Coinage Act, 1816 (UK) became relevant to the new colony. This allowed for the standard gold, silver and bronze British coins to circulate freely in New Zealand alongside the existing variety of foreign coins.

By Reserve Bank of New Zealand | Monday, February 1, 2016

The New Zealand Waitangi Crown of 1935

The New Zealand Waitangi Crown of 1935

The crown piece of 1935, popularly known as the Waitangi Crown because of its reverse design and exergue inscription, occupies a special place in the numismatic history of New Zealand. As a work of art, it is surely less startling than the British Silver Jubilee crown of the same year by the same designer, Percy Metcalfe, which depicts a bareheaded St George on a clockwork horse vanquishing a very angular wounded dragon.

By Mark Stocker | Friday, January 1, 2010

Australian reference gets a ninth edition

Australian reference gets a ninth edition

When I first started to write for The Australasian Coin & Banknote Magazine, I asked John Mulhall, the editor, which was the best book to get to learn more about Australian coins. He replied there were several he would recommend. John Mulhall then sent me a complementary copy of The pocket Guide to Australian Coins and Banknotes, which was autographed by the autor.

By George Manz | Tuesday, September 24, 2002

Explaining currency: New Zealand's bank notes and coins

Explaining currency: New Zealand's bank notes and coins

We all use currency - bank notes and coins - but what is it really? This section describes what money is, what cash or currency is, how New Zealand's bank notes are designed and made, and the life cycle of a typical bank note. It also looks at the design and security features of our bank notes and coins, and the history of currency in New Zealand.

By Reserve Bank of New Zealand | Wednesday, July 10, 2002

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